alprazolam (brand name: Xanax)- A Benzedrine sedative that causes dose-related depression of the central nervous system. Alprazolam is useful in treating anxiety, panic attacks, insomnia, and muscle spasms. Generic is available.




lorazepam (brand names: Ativan) - An antianxiety medication in the benzodiazepine family. Lorazepam and other benzodiazepines act by enhancing the effects of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the brain.

GABA is a neurotransmitter, a chemical that nerves in the brain use to send messages to one another. GABA inhibits activity in many of the nerves of the brain, and it is thought that this excessive activity is what causes anxiety and other psychological disorders.

Lorazepam has fewer interactions with other medications and is felt to be potentially less toxic than most of the other benzodiazepines. Lorazepam is also used to treat insomnia and panic attacks. Generic is available.

What is the dosage for Valium (diazepam)?
Diazepam may be taken with or without food.

Diazepam is disposed of by the liver and excreted mainly by the kidney. Dosages of diazepam may need to be lowered in patients with abnormal kidney function.
The usual oral diazepam dose for anxiety or seizures is 2-10 mg given 2-4 times daily.
The usual rectal dose is 0.2-0.5 mg/kg and depends on the age of the patient.

Is Valium (diazepam) safe to use during pregnancy or while breastfeeding?
Benzodiazepines, including diazepam, can cause fetal abnormalities and should not be used during pregnancy.